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Expert says that being sleep deprived leads to weight gain, other disorders

Published March 24, 2015
sleeping woman

URBANA, Ill. – Almost a third of Americans don’t get enough sleep, and that increases their risk of weight gain, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, heart attack, and stroke, said Michael A. Grandner, an expert in behavioral sleep medicine and the keynote speaker of the University of Illinois’s Division of Nutritional Sciences recent Nutrition Symposium.

“Both people who sleep too little and people who sleep too much —seven to eight hours is the gold standard for adults—have a higher mortality rate,” he noted.

According to Grandner, the link between short sleep and obesity has been well documented by at least 65 studies, with the Nurses’ Health Study showing that people who sleep six hours or less are more likely to gain an approximate 33 pounds over the course of 16 years. Short sleepers are 20 percent more likely to have hypertension, and they are 30 percent more likely to develop diabetes.

Because sleep and diet are both biological imperatives, it’s no surprise that one affects the other, he noted. Inadequate sleep promotes inflammation, which can lead to difficulty regulating insulin and an increase in the hunger hormones leptin and ghrelin.

Short sleepers tend to consume more calories, snack more, eat fewer vegetables, and eat more fast food later at night, he said.

“Just as we have healthy diet interventions, we should have sleep interventions. But how do you teach people to get better sleep? It’s hard to get people to sleep more. You’re asking them to give up what little autonomy they have left in their lives. They would trade sleep for work or for their commute, but not for leisure, which they don’t want to give up,” Grandner said.

Further, Grandner said that the less sleep people get, the more impaired they are, and they don’t necessarily realize it—so that drowsy driving is a real problem on our highways. The deficits due to sleep loss add up over time, and after two weeks of skimping on sleep, short sleepers don’t adjust, they get worse, he said.

Lack of sleep is associated with high stress, moodiness, and impaired decision making, he said.

“Sleep-deprived people may not be able to discern what is relevant and irrelevant when making decisions, and they are more likely to engage in risky behavior,” he said.

Short sleepers are also more likely to have memory problems. “I tell my students if they’re going to pull an all-nighter, don’t do it the night before the test. Do it the night before the night before the test. They’ll remember more of what they studied,” Grandner said.

The sleep scholar is also concerned that there is a strong association between food insecurity and sleep difficulties. Problems include difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakenings, and daytime sleepiness. “Hungry people are likely to also be sleep-impaired people,” he said.

Grandner is an instructor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. After earning a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the joint doctoral program at San Diego State University and the University of California, he completed a postdoctoral fellowship in sleep and circadian neurobiology and a fellowship in behavioral sleep medicine, both at Penn. He has been honored by the Society of Behavioral Sleep Medicine, the Sleep Research Society, and the American Heart Association, and has written extensively about sleep and health.

Mar14

African Agency in Development - Successes and Opportunities

9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Bruce D. Nesbitt African American Cultural Center, 51 E. Gregory Drive, Champaign, IL

Keynote Speaker Dr. Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela, the Vice Provost for International Affairs and Global Strategies at the U of I will highlight this exciting event sponsored by the African Students Organization. Guest speakers include Dr. Milu Muyanga of the Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics at Michigan State University; Dr. Juan Andrade of the Division of Nutritional Sciences at the U of I; Dr. Ephantus J. Muturi of the Illinois Natural History Survey at the U of I; and Dr. Maimouna A. Barro of the Center for African Studies at the U of I. This event is sponsored by SORF, ACES Office of International Programs, BNAACC, Office International Affairs and International Programs, Division of Nutritional Sciences, and Center for African Studies. African cuisines will be served.

Expert on sleep and obesity will speak at U of I Nutrition Symposium

Published February 24, 2015

URBANA, Ill. – Is there a relationship between sleep and obesity? University of Pennsylvania professor Michael A. Grandner will answer this question in his keynote address at the 2015 Illinois Nutritional Sciences Graduate Student Association Nutrition Symposium on Thursday, March 19, from 4 to 5 p.m. in 180 Bevier Hall on the University of Illinois campus. The event is open to the public.

“Dr. Grandner is board certified in behavioral sleep medicine, and his research focuses on how sleep and sleep-related behaviors are related to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, neurobehavioral functioning, mental health, and longevity. He is also studying the social, environmental, and behavioral factors that determine how we sleep,” said Jessica Hartke, assistant director of the U of I Division of Nutritional Sciences (DNS).

According to the expert, over 60 studies have reported an association between short sleep duration and obesity. He will examine a number of physiological, behavioral, and dietary factors that may contribute to this association.

Grandner is a professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. He earned his Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the joint doctoral program at San Diego State University and the University of California, then completed a postdoctoral fellowship in sleep and circadian neurobiology, an accredited fellowship in behavioral sleep medicine, and a master’s degree in translational research, all at Penn.

He serves on the Mental Health Task Force for the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) and has received honors and awards for his work from the Society of Behavioral Sleep Medicine, Sleep Research Society, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, American Heart Association, Population Association of America, and other groups. He has also published over 50 articles and chapters on issues related to sleep and health.

A mini-symposium, “Nutritional Sciences: Impacting Health at Every Age,” featuring world-class University of Illinois faculty researchers, will be featured before the keynote address. That event will take place from 12:45 to 2:45 p.m. in the Monsanto Room at the Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES) Library, 1101 South Goodwin Avenue, on campus.

The panel will include Yuan-Xiang Pan, speaking on “Maternal Nutrition Programs: Physiological Consequences through Epigenetics in Animal Models”; Sharon M. Donovan, “Breastfeeding Reduces Circulating Inflammatory Cytokines and Inflammatory Gene Pathways in Immune Cells Compared to Formula Feeding in the First Six Months of Life”; Margarita Teran-Garcia, “Emerging Adulthood: An Opportunity to Prevent Chronic Disease”; and Karen Chapman-Novakofski, “Nutrition and the Older Adult.”

DNS graduate students will compete in an oral research presentation composition from 9:15 to 11:30 a.m. in the Monsanto Room of the ACES Library, and poster research presentation and competition will be from 5:15 to 6:40 p.m. in the ACES Library Heritage Room. Both are open to the public.

The Nutrition Symposium is sponsored by Abbott Nutrition; The Beef Checkoff; Kraft Foods Group, Inc.; Mead Johnson Nutrition; PepsiCo, Inc.; Tate & Lyle; and Wrigley. Friends of the symposium are Campbell Soup Company, Kemin Health, U of I College of ACES Office of Research, and U of I Departments of Animal Sciences, Food Science and Human Nutrition, and Kinesiology and Community Health. Funding is also provided by the U of I Student Organization Resource Fee.

“Our graduate students take full responsibility for planning and executing the Nutrition Symposium,” said Rodney Johnson, DNS director. “The event provides our students with an important professional development opportunity. I’m pleased that they have organized a wonderful program that can be enjoyed by the community.”

For more information, contact the Division of Nutritional Sciences at 217-333-4177 or nutritionalsciences@illinois.edu.

 

 

 

 

Oct08

ACES International in Action: Food Security Series

12:00 PM - 1:00 PM
Morgan-Caterpillar Room of the College of ACES Library, Information and Alumni Center

"The Impact of F2F Volunteering on Agricultural Education and Research in Ethiopia –A Field Report from the Haramaya University”
presented by Dr. Martin Bohn, associate professor in the Department of Crop Sciences

Dr. Bohn will present on his recent experience in the USAID Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) program that connects farmers and agricultural experts in the United States with counterparts in the East African nations of Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, and other developing countries for training and technical assistance.

Nov06

Gamma Sigma Delta ACES Graduate Fellows Awards Luncheon

12:30 PM - 2:00 PM
Alice Campbell Alumni Center, 601 South Lincoln Avenue, Urbana, Illinois

Join the College of ACES and Gamma Sigma Delta in celebrating scholarly excellence of their recent graduates. Faculty members will be in attendance to honor the graduates who will be recognized at the event.

Sep08

The Inaugural International Food Security Initiative Lecture presented by Gerald Nelson

4:00 PM - 5:00 PM
Monsanto Room, College of ACES Library

The Inaugural International Food Security Initiative Lecture:
“Global Food Security in the Face of Changing Climate”
Presented by Gerald Nelson

Gerald Nelson is Professor Emeritus, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Jerry was the principal author of the report “Advancing Global Food Security in the Face of a Changing Climate” released by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs in May 2014. He most recently served as a Senior Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in Washington, DC where he coordinated its climate change research, led the policy analysis activities of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security, and was the principal investigator on major projects on food security and climate change issues funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and the German and British aid agencies.

His research includes global modeling of the interactions among agriculture, land use, and climate change; consequences of macro-economic, sector and trade policies and climate change on land use and the environment using remotely sensed, geographic and socioeconomic data; and the assessment of the effects of genetically modified crops on the environment. Jerry was the coordinating lead author of the Drivers chapter of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Scenarios work. Previously, he was Professor in the Department of Agricultural Consumer Economics at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, served as Visiting Scholar at the Economic Research Service at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and was Specialist and Visiting Assistant Professor at the University of the Philippines. Jerry has been quoted in many publications, including the Economist, The New York Times, the British newspaper The Guardian, and the Tehran Times.
 
The International Food Security Initiative (IFSI), a new program of the Office of International Programs at the College of ACES, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, seeks to focus the expertise and resources of the University of Illinois to address the global challenge of ensuring that all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to achieve their human potential.

 

Aug22

College of ACES New Student Welcome

1:00 PM - 4:00 PM
First and lower levels of the ACES Library, 1101 S. Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801

This event is part of campus’ Welcome Week and takes place after Convocation and the New Student Picnic. The ACES New Student Welcome is the chance for incoming freshman and transfer students to visit ACES registered student organization tables and mingle with some of our college’s student leaders, faculty, staff, and administrators. All ACES faculty and staff have been invited to attend.

Dec05

JBT Banquet

5:00 PM - 8:00 PM
IHotel and Conference Center
Oct02

ACES Scholarship Reception

4:00 PM - 6:00 PM
IHotel and Conference Center
Apr13

College of ACES Paul A. Funk Recognition, Deans Office Awards Banquet

5:30 PM - 8:30 PM
Pear Tree Estate 2150 County Road 1000E (Dewey-Fisher Rd.) Champaign, IL 61822 ph: (217) 643-2074

Each spring the College recognizes the contributions of our faculty, staff, and graduate students through the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences and Paul A. Funk Recognition Awards. These awards honor individuals who have demonstrated outstanding achievements or exceptional service to the College.

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